People with varicose veins can seek treatments that range from endovenous ablation or glue therapy to seal the malfunctioning veins, to removing them via surgery, chemical injection sclerotherapy or dermal laser photocoagulation.
Larger ureter stones can be removed by shock wave therapy or surgery. To prevent their recurrence, lifestyle changes or further treatment may be needed.
Swelling in the groin or scrotum could be due to hydroceles, which are harmless. More serious inguinal hernias can result in life-threatening complications.
Varicose veins are common, especially among older people, and some people are more likely to develop them, including pregnant women.
Patients with kidney stones that cannot be passed out of the body naturally can turn to medication, shock wave therapy and surgery for stone removal.
People with an enlarged section in their aorta – the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body – can undergo surgery to prevent the section from rupturing.
Some boys suffer from hypospadias, where the opening of their urethra, through which they urinate is not at the tip of the penis, but on its shaft or the scrotum. When uncorrected, ejaculation through the urethra, during adolescence and adulthood is similarly affected.
Boys and men may suffer from phimosis, a condition where their foreskin is too tight to be pulled back over the head of their penis, leading to complications such as infections.
Older people have a higher risk of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, where the main artery that carries blood from the heart dilates and can rupture, leading to internal bleeding.
People who experience sharp and severe pain in their side and back may have ureter stones, which are kidney stones that have become stuck in the ureter.